- November 19, 2015
Advanced technologies are shaping the future of manufacturing, according to a study conducted by Deloitte.
November 19, 2015 - Advanced technologies are shaping the future of manufacturing, according to a study conducted by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited’s (Deloitte Global) Global Consumer & Industrial Products industry group and the U.S. Council on Competitiveness (CoC).
The Deloitte Global and CoC study – drawn from dozens of face-to-face interviews with chief technology officers, chief research leaders and nearly a dozen directors of national research facilities – highlights the strengths and future vulnerabilities of the U.S. innovation ecosystem. It also identifies 10 of the most promising advanced manufacturing technologies:
1. Predictive analytics
2. Smart, connected products (Internet-of-Things)
3. Advanced materials
4. Smart factories (Internet-of-Things)
5. Digital design, simulation and integration
6. High performance computing
7. Advanced robotics
8. 3D printing and scanning
9. Open-source design / direct customer input
10. Augmented reality
“By investing in advanced manufacturing technologies, nations may enhance their competitiveness and drive economic prosperity,” said Craig Giffi, vice chairman, Deloitte LLP. “Investments in research and development (R&D) can lead to advanced manufacturing capabilities. This, in turn, can lead to more complex and exclusive products for export – and these high-tech, often high-value, exports can then make a nation more competitive.”
In the U.S. alone, advanced industries support 40 million workers and account for $2.7 trillion in output, according to third-party data cited in the study from Deloitte Global and the CoC. “That’s 17 percent of the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP),” said Giffi.
Giffi also indicated that advanced technologies directly benefit worker pay. “The average U.S. worker compensation in advanced industries has increased five times that of all industries since 1975 and is now nearly twice the average of traditional industries.”
“Advanced technologies are one of America’s brightest economic lights – playing a pivotal role in our nation’s GDP, employment and ability to produce high-value products,” said Deborah L. Wince-Smith, president and CEO of the U.S. Council on Competitiveness.
“American executives consistently feel that our entrenched creativity and entrepreneurial spirit have given us an edge,” said Wince-Smith. “They see especially strong potential in technologies related to the Internet-of-Things – embedded sensors and connected devices, for example. They also see potential in advanced computing, 3D printing and next-generation materials. And they feel excited about the new opportunities that come from combining these advanced technologies in a synergistic manner.”
According to the Deloitte Global and CoC study, the U.S. is expected to retain a leadership position in research, technology and innovation thanks to the strong foundation established over the last century. “The U.S. innovation ecosystem possesses the critical attributes that put it at the forefront of cutting-edge science, technology and innovation,” said Michelle Drew Rodriguez, leader of the Deloitte Center for Manufacturing Insights and a senior manager at Deloitte Services LP.
These attributes include an educational system that fosters creative thinking, world leading universities and superior talent. They also include an excellent research infrastructure, low hurdles to entrepreneurial innovation and strong support for regional innovation groups. “America’s strengths position us to embrace the promise of advanced technologies and reinforce our advanced industries,” said Drew Rodriguez.
However, said the CoC’s Wince-Smith, the study shows America’s lead may not be secure; it faces future challenges from increasingly competitive countries such as China. “The U.S. currently spends the most of any nation in terms of R&D – with a 23 percent share of global R&D spend – but China is on pace to overtake America’s leadership in R&D investments by the end of the decade.”
The majority of executives interviewed for the Deloitte Global and CoC study also worry about America’s talent pool and the widening skills gap in the face of competition from state owned entities. In addition, they are concerned about foreign countries providing targeted support for their focused industries.
“The aging of the engineering and manufacturing workforce is exacerbating the skills shortage, not only in the U.S., but also globally,” said Drew Rodriguez. “Further, many of the executives interviewed for the study indicated that immigration policies – when combined with the challenge of nurturing STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) capabilities among workers – is creating a global struggle to attract and retain top talent.”
One way for America to compete, according to Giffi, could be to “strengthen our collaborative mechanisms within the innovation ecosystem – capitalizing on proximities to national research and innovation clusters, as well as a strong entrepreneurial spirit.”
Giffi explained that this could mean “seamless coordination between the different entities that fuel America’s innovation engine,” specifically:
- national labs
- venture capital
- entrepreneurial start-ups.
“Though the U.S. remains a global advanced-technology leader, retaining our leadership depends in large part on how successfully and holistically our innovation ecosystem operates moving forward,” he concluded.
Deloitte provides industry-leading audit, consulting, tax and advisory services to many of the world’s most admired brands, including 80 percent of the Fortune 500. Our people work across more than 20 industry sectors to deliver measurable and lasting results that help reinforce public trust in our capital markets, inspire clients to make their most challenging business decisions with confidence, and help lead the way toward a stronger economy and a healthy society.
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