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Machine Safety

How Robots Change The World: What automation really means for jobs and productivity
June 26, 2019

How Robots Change The World: What automation really means for jobs and productivity

By Oxford Economics
The robotics revolution is rapidly accelerating, as fast-paced technological advances in automation, engineering, energy storage, artificial intelligence, and machine learning converge. The result will transform the capabilities of robots and their ability to take over tasks once carried out by humans.

Mobile Safety in Hazardous Areas
February 20, 2019

Mobile Safety in Hazardous Areas

By Pepperl+Fuchs
Mobile devices can solve many challenges in hazardous industrial environments. But a device that lacks the proper protection could seriously compromise the safety of your plant and personnel.

What do Design Engineers Need to Know about Brushless DC Motor Technologies
September 13, 2018

What do Design Engineers Need to Know about Brushless DC Motor Technologies

By Walter Smith, Sensata Technologies
The advent of rare-earth magnets and advanced brushless DC motor (BLDC) motor design has empowered a new range of motors small enough to fit into confined spaces, powerful enough to do real work, and efficient enough to be used in wireless or remote applications.

What do Industrial Engineers Need to Know About Functional Safety?
June 29, 2018

What do Industrial Engineers Need to Know About Functional Safety?

By Scott Orlosky and Jean-Marc Hubsch, Sensata Technologies
Engineers designing systems for industrial and factory applications are adopting functional safety design practices to reduce the risk of system failures that could result in costly damage or injury.

Exploring Security by Design
April 06, 2018

Exploring Security by Design

By Siegfried Müller, MB Connect Line
Nowadays it‘s difficult to imagine that a new appliance will be developed without a safety risk analysis, or by using safety elements without corresponding certifications. In fact, standards and norms regulate how security components have to be designed and deployed. Within information technology, such regulations don‘t exist yet.

Overcoming Cybersecurity Challenges in Industrial Control Systems
February 23, 2018

Overcoming Cybersecurity Challenges in Industrial Control Systems

By Veracity
Holistic challenges such as ICS cybersecurity can be overwhelming. Security solutions often create more challenging system-wide issues. Attacking comprehensive problems with individual statements helps us to focus on solving analysis and planning issues step by step. This paper identifies two individual problem statements that address the comprehensive issue of ICS security.

Keeping the Lights On: The basics of machine monitoring
January 03, 2018

Keeping the Lights On: The basics of machine monitoring

By Stew Thompson, CAS DataLoggers
This whitepaper discusses the basics of one of the most common data logger applications, machine monitoring and predictive maintenance, as a cost-effective way for plants and factories to help reduce process downtime.

Secure Configuration and Operation of OPC UA
December 18, 2017

Secure Configuration and Operation of OPC UA

The OPC Foundation published a set of practical guidelines for the secure configuration and use of OPC UA in industry.  This brochure helps readers quickly understand what OPC UA security has to offer and how to best use it. 

Alarm Enforcement … or Not?
November 03, 2017

Alarm Enforcement … or Not?

By Lieven Dubois and Ian Brown, MAC Solutions
Alarm Enforcement is the process of comparing Process Control System (PCS) alarm attributes with the authorised list of alarm attributes held within a site’s Master Alarm Database (MADb), and restoring those which are found to be at variance to the values held within the MADb.
In this paper, we will discuss the pros and cons of this practice.

Quick Tips for Successful DC Motor & Gearmotor Operation
August 16, 2017

Quick Tips for Successful DC Motor & Gearmotor Operation

This whitepaper provides only the very basic fundamentals, but also a good checklist for operators to go through prior to applying new gearmotors.

Safety Instrumentation Simplified: The case for a hybrid safety transmitter
February 28, 2017

Safety Instrumentation Simplified: The case for a hybrid safety transmitter

By Wil Chin and Rick Frauton, United Electric Controls
While there remains considerable variation in the quality of the sub-system infrastructure, there is increasing awareness of the risk, cost of ownership and sustainability of the Safety Instrumented System (SIS).

The Safety of AC Power Supplies Fed with DC Voltage
January 12, 2017

The Safety of AC Power Supplies Fed with DC Voltage

By Dr. Qin Wang, PULS
This whitepaper is an assessment of the safety situation with AC and DC power supplies and what organizations can do to ensure safe power supplies in their facilities

AutomationDirect releases white paper on electrical arcs
October 13, 2015

AutomationDirect releases white paper on electrical arcs

By Brian S. Elliott, AutomationDirect
“Electrical Arcs” explains how arcing develops, the dangers of electrical arcs and various means of arc suppression.

Validation and Deployment Concerns to Maintain Acceptable Risk
November 26, 2014

Validation and Deployment Concerns to Maintain Acceptable Risk

By Chris Soranno, SICK Safety Application Specialist
To ensure an acceptable level of residual risk has been achieved prior to deploying equipment for active service, it is imperative to implement one final series of steps. This stage is necessary to confirm that all risk reduction measures applied (design and build, technological, and organizational) are working together effectively to reduce the risk of all identified hazards to a tolerable level.

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White Paper: Functional Safety for Machine Controls
November 04, 2014

White Paper: Functional Safety for Machine Controls

By Chris Soranno, SICK Safety Application Specialist
When implementing technical protective measures (also referred to as “safeguards”) from the hierarchy of controls, each risk reduction measure will be associated with a safety function or combination of safety functions. In order for these safety functions to be designed and installed to a degree of reliability commensurate with the risk level of the associated hazard(s), the concepts of functional safety must be applied.

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The Risk Reduction Process Utilizing a Hierarchy of Controls
October 08, 2014

The Risk Reduction Process Utilizing a Hierarchy of Controls

By Chris Soranno, SICK Safety Application Specialist
After safety risks have been identified, evaluated and analyzed, there will inevitably be some – if not many – residual risks not at an acceptable level. In these instances, it is important to take action to mitigate the risk to a level deemed tolerable for your organization. Before rushing into a knee-jerk reaction to implement possible solutions, however, it is important to consider the rational approach to risk reduction known as the “Hierarchy of Controls.”

Understanding the Risk Assessment Process
September 10, 2014

Understanding the Risk Assessment Process

Chris Soranno, SICK Safety Application Specialist
When combined with a risk reduction process to eliminate, reduce, or otherwise address the risks, an organization can demonstrate that appropriate measures have been taken to suitably reduce the risk, while also ensuring that the measures applied are not grossly over dimensioned for the level of the associated hazards.

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Selecting Safety Standards for Machine Safeguarding Requirements—Part 1
August 18, 2014

Selecting Safety Standards for Machine Safeguarding Requirements—Part 1

By SICK
Most safety standards provide guidance for the entire lifecycle of machinery to enable them to remain safe. There is no one ‘right’ choice for every organization when selecting standards to follow for implementing safeguarding measures. There are, however, choices which are clearly wrong – such as not doing anything.

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When to use Multi-Function Safety Relays
July 22, 2014

When to use Multi-Function Safety Relays

By Lenny Filipkowski, AutomationDirect
White Paper describes how one or more multi-function safety relays can often be used to replace many basic single-function safety relays, simplifying installations and saving money. In many cases, multi-function safety relays can be used instead of a safety-rated PLC, resulting in substantial savings while streamlining implementation and maintenance.

How Automation Technologies Improve Operating Efficiency and Reduce Collisions on Manned Forklifts
January 24, 2014

How Automation Technologies Improve Operating Efficiency and Reduce Collisions on Manned Forklifts

By Jeff Wuendry, SICK
This white paper explains the available types of backup sensing solutions on manned forklifts, their respective advantages and disadvantages, the most common applications, and key considerations when selecting a system.

Trends in Machine Guarding: Safety Laser Scanners Get Smaller and Smarter
October 09, 2013

Trends in Machine Guarding: Safety Laser Scanners Get Smaller and Smarter

By SICK
Safety laser scanners have been used for years, protecting people, machines
and facilities. Safety laser scanners now offer a small footprint combined with simple operation and flexibility, and potential for remote diagnostics and troubleshooting.

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Transforming the Light Curtain
July 22, 2013

Transforming the Light Curtain

By Tyler Glieden, SICK
By reducing the need for physical guards and barriers, light curtains can increase the maintainability of the equipment they are protecting. Light curtains using pattern and object recognition require fewer sensors and less wiring while providing a safety solution that’s secure.

Preventing Dust Explosions For Hazardous, Class II Applications
October 12, 2012

Preventing Dust Explosions For Hazardous, Class II Applications

By Mike Mendicino, Pepperl+Fuchs

Explosion prevention techniques are readily available for use in industrial and agricultural areas. This paper highlights some of these techniques and provide some practical application knowledge to consider.

Alarm Trips: The Ups and Downs
September 26, 2012

Alarm Trips: The Ups and Downs

By Moore Industries

A limit alarm trip triggers the response needed to maintain normal, safe operations. Alarm trips monitor a process and activate a warning or shutdown in the event of undesirable high/low conditions.

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Machine Safety, Process Safety
September 07, 2012

Building a bridge to safety

Automation.com, September 2012

By Zachary Stank, Phoenix Contact

White paper describes the company’s SafetyBridge technology for machine safety applications up to Category 4, SIL 3, PL e, and compares it to safety PLCs and safety relays.

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Muting and Light Curtains: Four Common Machine Safeguarding Flaws and How to Avoid Them
August 05, 2012

Muting and Light Curtains: Four Common Machine Safeguarding Flaws and How to Avoid Them

By Tyler Glieden, SICK

When used with a safety light curtain, muting enables the safety function to be temporarily disabled for a limited time to let parts or products in while protecting workers from potentially hazardous situations. Here are four common safety flaws and how to avoid them.

Minimizing Arc Flash Exposure in Industrial Applications
August 02, 2012

Minimizing Arc Flash Exposure in Industrial Applications

Automation.com, August 2012

White paper discusses the definition of an arc flash, including its risks, consequences and causes, industry standards to protect against arc flash and a solution to minimize arc flash exposure.

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Safety Laser Scanners vs. Safety Mats – Which One Do I Choose?
June 06, 2012

Safety Laser Scanners vs. Safety Mats – Which One Do I Choose?

Automation.com, June 2012
By Sick
Once, safety mats made sense, but safety laser scanners are relegating that period to history. By providing better protection and ensuring continuity of production at less cost over the life of a machine or facility, safety laser scanners have become the component of choice for machine safeguarding and other safety applications.

April 16, 2012

Changes to the NFPA70E Standard 2012 Edition

Automation.com, April 2012

By Merson

NFPA 70E is the standard for electrical safety in the workplace, and explains in detail how to prevent electrical hazards. The white paper identifies and explains some of the key changes.

Enclosures for hazardous areas: understanding the differences
January 19, 2012

Enclosures for hazardous areas: understanding the differences

Automation.com, January 2012

By Gary Johnson, COOPER Crouse-Hinds UK

When it comes to specifying enclosures for hazardous area electrical applications, engineers must ensure they fully understand IP protection ratings, as well as the implications of modifying an Exd or Exe enclosure prior to or after installation.

December 29, 2011

Addressing the Challenges of Functional Safety in the Automotive and Industrial Markets

Embedded Computing Design, December 2011

By Freescale Semiconductor

The focus on safety-critical applications in both the automotive and industrial markets is significantly growing, bringing new and added pressures to systems engineers as they work to solve safety challenges. Registration required to read paper.

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Safety in Drives
November 21, 2011

Safety in Drives

Automation.com, November 2011

By Mikko Ristolaine, ABB

Offerings from safe stopping to more elaborate monitoring functions are being introduced and are heralding new opportunities in machine safety.

September 22, 2011

Permanent Electrical Safety Devices Will Verify Zero Electrical Energy

By Philip B Allen, Grace Engineered Products

September 2011

White paper addresses questions and common concerns related to permanent electrical safety devices (PESDs) for lockout and their compliance with OSHA and the NFPA 70E.

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September 20, 2011

Justification and ROI of safety programs and machine safety investments

Plant Services, September 2011

Outside the primary objective of reducing injuries to people or property, proving the value of a safety system is an ongoing challenge for safety professionals and risk managers. Many find it difficult to financially justify discretionary investments in safety-related assets and training intended to reduce work-related injuries and insurance premiums.

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Machine Safety, Factory Automation
September 19, 2011

How Protected Are Your Employees from Arc Flash and Flash Fire?

By AmeriPride

Eight-page white paper describes how to select the appropriate protective apparel to meet OSHA and NFPA requirements to protect employees from the causes and consequences of arc flash, flash fire and industrial flame hazards.

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July 29, 2011

Arc Flash & Flash Fire Protective Apparel

By Ameripride

This is an important resource for selecting the appropriate protective apparel to meet OSHA and NFPA requirements. From the causes and consequences of arc flash, flash fire and industrial flame hazards to the features of flame resistant garments, the white paper helps managers identify risks and the appropriate protective measures for their employees.

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June 28, 2011

Developing Functional Safety Systems with TUV-Qualified FPGAs

Embedded Computing Design, June 2011

By Frank Foerster, IXXAT, et al.

TUV-qualified FPGA design methodology is changing the paradigms of safety designs and will greatly reduce development effort, system complexity, and time to market. This allows FPGA users to design their own customized safety controllers and provides a significant competitive advantage over traditional microcontroller or ASIC-based designs. Registration required.

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May 18, 2011

Drive-based integrated safety

Plant Services, May 2011

By John Krasnokutsky, Siemens Industry

While safety functions have been integrated into drives packages for some years now, the current trends are very exciting, from many angles. Today, a full complement of safety functions can be implemented at the front-end of a system design on all types of production machines. This can be accomplished in full compliance with all the current regulations for machines used worldwide.

March 22, 2011

When upgrading machinery, don’t gamble with CE Marking

By Stewart Robinson, Pilz Automation Technology.

The Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC came into force at the end of 2009. While machine builders have to deal primarily with ‘scope’ and ‘conformity assessment,’ the main challenge for end users is the issue of 'upgrading' or 'interlinking' of machinery.

Demystifying the European Machinery Directive
March 22, 2011

Demystifying the European Machinery Directive

By Andras Szende, TUV Rheinland North America

The evolution of the Machinery Directive over the last decade has spawned new safety and compliance issues. This whitepaper will de-mystify and clearly articulate the requirements for manufacturers of both SEMI and Industrial Automation equipment and machinery.